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        江蘇學歷信息網 > 遠程教育 > 入學測試 > 中國地質大學(北京)繼續教育學院《專升本文綜合》練習卷

        中國地質大學(北京)繼續教育學院《專升本文綜合》練習卷

        責任編輯: 發布日期:2020年12月24日 來源:江蘇學歷信息網

        【摘要】

        中國地質大學(北京)繼續教育學院

        2020年秋季現代遠程(網絡)教育入學水平測試

        《專升本文綜合》練習卷

         

        注意事項:1.考試時間100分鐘

        2.試卷共1大題,滿分90

        3必須按試題順序在“答題卡”上按要求填涂、作答,答在試卷上的答案無效。

         

        一、單選題(本大題共90小題,每小題1分,共90分)

        在每小題列出的備選項中只有一個符合題目要求的,請將其選出并將“答題卡”的相應代碼涂黑,錯涂、多涂或未涂均無分

        1.My brother likes eating very much but he isn't very _____ about the food he eats.

        A.special                                                                           B.peculiar

        C.particular                                                                       D.unusual

         

        2.《八聲甘州》(對瀟瀟暮雨灑江天)描寫心理活動的特點是()

        A.先寫自己,再寫對方    B.先寫對方,再寫自己    C.由己及彼,由彼及己                                             D.話分兩頭,雙管齊下

         

        3.在巴金的筆下,“愛爾克的燈光”所象征的是()

        A.舊家庭的冷落                B.希望的破滅                     C.對禮教的憎惡                                             D.新的生活道路

         

        4.The managing director took the _____ for the accident, although it was not really his fault

        A.guilt                                                                               B.charge

        C.blame                                                                             D.accusation

         

        5.據《紀念傅雷》,下列外國作家中,其作品在五十年代初被傅雷翻譯的是()

        A.羅曼?羅蘭                      B.顯克微支                         C.巴爾扎克                                             D.莎士比亞

         

        6.I just managed to _____ a quick breath before I was sucked under the water by the passing boat.

        A.snatch                               B.scratch                              C.scrape                                             D.scan

         

        7.下列傳記文章中,具有諷刺意味的是()

        A.《垓下之圍》                B.《張中丞傳后敘》        C.《先妣事略》                                             D.《馬伶傳》

         

        8.《先妣事略》:“入城,則緝纟盧,燈火熒熒,每至夜分。”這里表現的母親的品德是()

        A.儉樸                                 B.勤勞                                 C.待人厚道                                             D.嚴以教子

         

        9.《都江堰》的行文特點是()

        A.富于幽默情趣                B.具有思辨色彩                C.敘說委婉曲折                                             D.描寫細膩傳神

         

        10.The storm sweeping over this area now is sure to cause _____ of vegetables in the coming days.

        A.rarity                                                                              B.scarcity

        C.invalidity                                                                      D.variety

         

        11.In aerospace devices the weight of the necessary power producing equipment is _____.

        A.vital                                  B.possible                            C.capable                                             D.reliable

         

        12.Although he doesn't like that law, he will _____ with it.

        A.confine                             B.conform                           C.comply                                             D.contend

         

        13.If you _____ your demand, then maybe you will have more chance of getting what you want.

        A.conduct                            B.dismiss                             C.grant                                             D.moderate

         

        14.Voices were _____ as the argument between the two motorists became more bad-tempered.

        A.swollen                            B.raised                                C.developed                                             D.increased

         

        15.余秋雨說,都江堰“實實在在地占據了邈遠的時間”,這句話的意思是()

        A.它永久性地灌溉了中華民族                                    B.長城還只是它的后輩

        C.李冰在世時已考慮事業的承續                                D.都江堰倒成了連接兩界的驕傲

         

        16.His test results are not very _____. He does well one week and badly the next.

        A.invariable                                                                      B.consequent

        C.continuous                                                                    D.consistent

         

        17.下列文章中,“傳其事以為官戒”的是()

        A.《馮諼客孟嘗君》        B.《張中丞傳后敘》        C.《種樹郭橐駝傳》                                             D.《馬伶傳》

         

        18.No one imagined that the apparently _____ businessman was really a criminal.

        A.respectful                                                                      B.respectable

        C.respective                                                                      D.respected

         

        19.《湘夫人》開頭所展現的特定情境是()

        A.朝夕廝守                         B.如約而至                         C.不期而遇                                             D.期而不遇

         

        20.下列出現于《紀念傅雷》中的詞語,用以表現傅雷性情剛直的是()

        A.不以為然                         B.鴉雀無聲                         C.干柴烈火                                             D.同歸于盡

         

        21.下列《都江堰》文句中具有象征意味的是()

        A.那把長鍤,千年來始終與金杖玉璽、鐵戟鋼錘反復辯論

        B.他以田間老農的思維,進入了最澄徹的人類學的思考

        C.直到今天,長城還常常成為排場

        D.他筑堰的指令,智慧、仁慈、透明

         

        22.Jim's plans to go to college _____ at the last moment.

        A.fell out                                                                          B.gave away

        C.gave off                                                                         D.fell through

         

        23.下列詩歌,屬于田園詩的是()

        A.《蒹葭》                                                                      B.《陌上桑》

        C.《飲酒》(其五)                                                       D.《秋興八首》(其一)

         

        24.用韓愈“惟陳言之務去”的名言,來闡發文字的運用要有創造精神的道理,這種論證方法是()

        A.演繹法                             B.歸納法                             C.類比法                                             D.對比法

         

        25.《種樹郭橐駝傳》中,用“長安豪富人”“皆爭迎取養”寫郭橐駝種樹技藝高超,這種表現手法是()

        A.側面烘托                         B.對比反襯                         C.象征暗示                                             D.類比顯現

         

        26.Mr. Smith gradually _____ a knowledge of the subject.

        A.attained                            B.achieved                           C.required                                             D.acquired

         

        27.下列李白《行路難》(其一)詩句中借舉止抒情的是()

        A.停杯投箸不能食,拔劍四顧心茫然                        B.欲渡黃河冰塞川,將登太行雪滿山

        C.閑來垂釣碧溪上,忽復乘舟夢日邊                        D.長風破浪會有時,直掛云帆濟滄海

         

        28.He ate what he could, and gave the _____ of the food to the birds.

        A.remain                              B.uneaten                            C.rest                                             D.part

         

        29.人們以“含淚的微笑”評價《麥琪的禮物》的獨特風格,此“含淚的微笑”的意思是()

        A.悲劇中浸染著喜劇色彩                                             B.喜劇中浸染著悲劇色彩

        C.生活艱難,精神樂觀                                                 D.情感真摯,喜極而泣

         

        30.《寡人之于國也》中,孟子用“狗彘食人食而不知檢,涂有餓莩而不知發”來揭露當時社會的貧富懸殊,這種論證方法是()

        A.演繹法                             B.歸納法                             C.類比法                                             D.對比法

         

        31.It gave me a strange feeling of excitement to see my name in _____.

        A.news                                                                              B.print

        C.publication                                                                    D.press

         

        32.The microphone enabled them to keep in touch, in other words, it made it _____ for them to contact each other.

        A.likely                                B.capable                             C.possible                                             D.probable

         

        33.He has impressed his employers considerably and _____ he is soon to be promoted

        A.eventually                                                                     B.yet

        C.finally                                                                            D.accordingly

         

        34.We won't know whether it will be successful. We won't know whether there will be good _____.

        A.ends                                  B.results                               C.effects                                             D.causes

         

        35.下列《前赤壁賦》的語句中,描寫簫聲的是()

        A.耳得之而為聲                B.飄飄乎如遺世獨立        C.舞幽壑之潛蛟                                             D.寄蜉蝣于天地

         

        36.Magnificent views over the countryside have often _____ people to write poems.

        A.convinced                        B.inspired                            C.induced                                             D.attracted

         

        37.The old lady can't hope to _____ her cold in a few days.

        A.get over                            B.get off                              C.hold back                                             D.hold up

         

        38.寶玉見了這般,又自己后悔:“方才不該和他較證,這會子他這樣光景,我又替不了他。”這段文字所運用的人物描寫方法是()

        A.行為描寫                         B.語言描寫                         C.細節描寫                                             D.心理描寫

         

        39.It is not profitable to provide bus services in districts where the population is widely _____.

        A.scattered                           B.dismissed                         C.separated                                             D.spread

         

        40.《就任北京大學校長之演說》:“吾人對于當軸多不滿意”。這里的“當軸”所用的修辭手法是()

        A.比喻                                 B.借代                                 C.比擬                                             D.夸張

         

        41.馮諼這一人物的形象特征是()

        A.驕傲自大                         B.寬厚忠誠                         C.深謀遠慮                                             D.陰險狡詐

         

        42.聞一多《一句話》的創作年代是()

        A.1919年五四運動前后                                                B.1922年作者赴美留學前

        C.1925年作者海外歸來后                                            D.1937年抗日戰爭爆發后

         

        43.《再別康橋》中,隱喻美好理想的是()

        A.西天的云彩                    B.河畔的金柳                     C.康河的柔波                                             D.彩虹似的夢

         

        44.下列論文中屬于“史論”的是()

        A.《諫逐客書》                B.《寡人之于國也》        C.《五代史伶官傳序》                                             D.《莊宗李存勖》

         

        45.杜甫詩歌的風格特點是()

        A.奔放雄奇                         B.沉郁頓挫                         C.平易曉暢                                             D.清朗俊爽

         

        46.No one has _____ been able to trace the author of the poem.

        A.still                                   B.yet                                    C.already                                             D.just

         

        47.More than one-third of the Chinese in the United States live in California, _____ in SanFrancisco

        A.previousl                                                                       B.predominantly

        C.practically                                                                     D.permanently

         

        48.Although it is not our normal _____ to give credit, this time I think we should consider the matter more closely.

        A.state                                  B.intention                          C.occasion                                             D.practice

         

        49.He is a very honest official and never _____ any gifts from the people who sought his help.

        A.accepted                           B.received                           C.took up                                             D.excepted

         

        50.Comrade Li Dazhao, _____ librarian of Beijing University, was one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party.

        A.sometimes                                                                     B.sometime

        C.some time                                                                      D.some times

         

        51.There is not much time left; So I'll tell you about it _____.

        A.in detail                            B.in brief                             C.in short                                             D.in all

         

        52.She was afraid that unless the train speeded up she would lose her _____ to Scotland

        A.ticket                                                                             B.place

        C.seat                                                                                 D.connection

         

        53.I can meet you at eight o'clock; _____ you can call for me.

        A.incidentally                                                                   B.actually

        C.alternatively                                                                  D.accordingly

         

        54.在《寡人之于國也》中,孟子認為使“頒白者不負戴于道路”的措施是()

        A.五畝之宅,樹之以桑                                                 B.雞豚狗彘之畜,無失其時

        C.百畝之田,勿奪其時                                                 D.謹庠序之教,申之以孝悌之義

         

        55.北宋詩文革新運動的領袖是()

        A.韓愈                                 B.歐陽修                             C.柳宗元                                             D.蘇軾

         

        56.《湘夫人》中以假想的反常景象比況事與愿違,表現人物內心焦慮的詩句是()

        A.兮秋風,洞庭波兮木葉下                                         B.麋何食兮庭中,蛟何為兮水裔

        C.合百草兮實庭,建芳馨兮廡門                                D.捐余袂兮江中,遺余襟兮醴浦

         

        57.《螞蟻大戰》末尾分別記載了胡貝爾?瑪格納斯和作者所描述的三次螞蟻大戰的具體時間,其真正的用意在于()

        A.展現螞蟻進化的歷史                                                 B.將螞蟻與人類社會作類比

        C.標示其記載的真實性                                                 D.記錄人類觀察自然的進程

         

        58.The branches could hardly _____ the weight of the fruit.

        A.retain                                B.maintain                           C.sustain                                             D.remain

         

        59.《湘夫人》中,通過描述舉止動作來表現人物內心活動的詩句是()

        A.嫋嫋兮秋風,洞庭波兮木葉下                                B.鳥何萃兮蘋中?罾何為兮木上

        C.麋何食兮庭中?蛟何為兮水裔                                   D.捐余袂兮江中,遺余褋兮醴浦

         

        60.李煜《虞美人》(春花秋月何時了)借景抒情的特點是()

        A.以樂景寫哀,愈顯其哀                                             B.以哀景寫樂,愈顯其樂

        C.以哀景寫哀,倍增哀痛                                             D.以樂景寫樂,倍增歡樂

         

        61.The magician picked several persons from the audience and asked them to help him with the performance.

        A.by accident                                                                   B.on occasion

        C.at random                                                                      D.on an average

         

        62.My house is the only brick one on the street. It _____ and you can't miss it.

        A.stands up                                                                       B.looks out

        C.sticks out                                                                       D.wipes out

         

        63.If you ever have the _____ to go abroad to work, you should take it.

        A.possibility                                                                     B.offer

        C.luck                                                                                D.chance

         

        64.《容忍與自由》的中心論點是()

        A.年紀越大越覺得容忍比自由更重要                        B.沒有容忍,就沒有自由

        C.喜同惡異是不能容忍的心理根源                            D.必以自己的主張為絕對之是是錯誤態度

         

        65.下列《馬伶傳》的語句中,暗含諷刺當朝權奸之意的是()

        A.其士女之問桃葉渡、游雨花臺者,趾相錯也       B.新安賈合兩部為大會

        C.異哉!馬伶之自得師也                                                D.見昆山猶之見分宜也

         

        66.In spite of the thunderstorm, the children slept _____ all night.

        A.densely                            B.soundly                            C.loudly                                             D.noisily

         

        67.Scientists think they have _____ in their attempt to find the causes of some major dieases.

        A.broken through                                                            B.worked out

        C.fallen out                                                                       D.got round

         

        68.He left in such a hurry that I _____ had time to thank him.

        A.almost                              B.even                                  C.nearly                                             D.scarcely

         

        69.《陌上桑》所描寫的主要人物形象是()

        A.羅敷                                 B.耕者                                 C.使君                                             D.夫婿

         

        70.《都江堰》中說“他開始叫人繪制水系圖譜。這圖譜,可與今天的裁軍數據、登月路線遙相呼應”,這句話的含義是()

        A.歷史總有驚人的相似                                                 B.科學研究可能會有超前性

        C.科學研究沒有國界                                                     D.三者均代表了文明發展的成果

         

        71.They did not find _____ to prepare for the worst conditions they might meet.

        A.worth their while                                                          B.it worthwhile

        C.it worth                                                                          D.it worthy

         

        72.舒婷《祖國啊,我親愛的祖國》中,“破舊的老水車”的象征意義是()

        A.水旱災害頻繁發生        B.歷史中國負重緩行        C.傳統農具效率低下                                             D.舊式農業停滯不前

         

        73.《容忍與自由》論析“絕對之是”時援引的事例是()

        A.胡適痛罵《西游記》    B.孔子誅殺少正卯            C.高爾文燒死科學家                                             D.陳獨秀提倡白話文

         

        74.《寶黛吵架》中“寶玉又自己后悔:‘方才不該和他較證’”句所運用的人物描寫方法是()

        A.行為描寫                         B.語言描寫                         C.心理描寫                                             D.細節描寫

         

        75.《咬文嚼字》中,用心理學的“套板反應”原理所論證的道理是()

        A.文字的運用決不可粗枝大葉                                    B.文學的文字更注重聯想意義

        C.文字的運用一定要有創造精神                                D.斟酌文字實際是調整思想感情

         

        76.The policeman stopped him when he was driving home and _____ him of speeding

        A.charged                            B.accused                            C.blamed                                             D.deprived

         

        77.《趙武靈王胡服騎射》一文選自()

        A.《戰國策》                    B.《史記》                         C.《柳河東集》                                             D.《資治通鑒》

         

        78.孔子問志,回答說“非曰能之,愿學焉”的弟子是()

        A.子路                                 B.曾皙                                 C.宰予                                             D.公西華

         

        79.According to the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, wisdom comes from the _____ of maturity.

        A.fulfillment                                                                     B.achievement

        C.establishment                                                                D.accomplishment

         

        80.The Department is also deeply _____ in various improvement schemes.

        A.connected                        B.included                           C.involved                                             D.implied

         

        81.I left for the office earlier than usual this morning _____ traffic jam.

        A.in line with                                                                   B.in case of

        C.for the sake of                                                               D.at the risk of

         

        82.The book seems to have been _____ from various books and articles.

        A.pieced together                                                             B.taken off

        C.broken away                                                                 D.pulled out

         

        83.The speaker _____ several other subjects in the course of his talk but mostly kept himself to the main topic.

        A.held on                                                                          B.worked out

        C.touched on                                                                    D.kept out of

         

        84.《一句話》中,“青天霹靂”的隱喻意義是()

        A.蘊藏著巨大革命力量的民眾                                    B.民眾中壓抑不住的革命情緒

        C.民眾革命運動的聲威和力量                                     D.詩人對民眾革命的堅定信心

         

        85.He was not _____ to the club because he wasn't a member.

        A.allowed                            B.admitted                           C.permitted                                             D.approved

         

        86.《雨巷》這首詩創造了一個“夢一般凄婉迷茫”的意境,其作者是()

        A.魯迅                                 B.郭沫若                             C.戴望舒                                             D.老舍

         

        87.I could tell he was surprised from the _____ on his face.

        A.appearance                                                                    B.view

        C.sight                                                                               D.expression

         

        88.“自夫子之死也,吾無以為質矣”一句中,“夫子”指的是()

        A.莊子                                 B.惠子                                 C.孔子                                             D.郢人

         

        89.This is the _____ piano on which the composer created some of his greatest works.

        A.actual                               B.genuine                            C.real                                             D.original

         

        90.《吃飯》最顯著的藝術特色是()

        A.巧設陌生化的比喻        B.多用反詰性的問句        C.以寓言化故事開頭                                             D.從自身的經驗談起

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        中國地質大學(北京)繼續教育學院

        2020年秋季現代遠程(網絡)教育入學水平測試

        《專升本文綜合》練習卷(答案)

         

         

        一、單選題(本大題共90小題,每小題1分,共90分)

        在每小題列出的備選項中只有一個符合題目要求的,請將其選出并將“答題卡”的相應代碼涂黑,錯涂、多涂或未涂均無分

        1.C

         

        2.B

         

        3.B

         

        4.C

         

        5.C

         

        6.A

         

        7.D

         

        8.B

         

        9.B

         

        10.B

         

        11.A

         

        12.C

         

        13.D

         

        14.B

         

        15.A

         

        16.D

         

        17.C

         

        18.B

         

        19.C

         

        20.C

         

        21.C

         

        22.D

         

        23.B

         

        24.A

         

        25.A

         

        26.D

         

        27.A

         

        28.C

         

        29.B

         

        30.C

         

        31.B

         

        32.C

         

        33.D

         

        34.B

         

        35.C

         

        36.C

         

        37.A

         

        38.D

         

        39.A

         

        40.A

         

        41.C

         

        42.B

         

        43.D

         

        44.C

         

        45.A

         

        46.B

         

        47.B

         

        48.D

         

        49.A

         

        50.B

         

        51.D

         

        52.D

         

        53.C

         

        54.D

         

        55.B

         

        56.B

         

        57.C

         

        58.C

         

        59.D

         

        60.A

         

        61.C

         

        62.C

         

        63.D

         

        64.B

         

        65.D

         

        66.B

         

        67.A

         

        68.D

         

        69.A

         

        70.D

         

        71.B

         

        72.C

         

        73.D

         

        74.C

         

        75.C

         

        76.B

         

        77.D

         

        78.D

         

        79.B

         

        80.C

         

        81.B

         

        82.A

         

        83.C

         

        84.C

         

        85.B

         

        86.C

         

        87.D

         

        88.B

         

        89.A

         

        90.A


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